A filling is a way to restore a tooth damaged by decay back to its normal function and form. When a dental professional provides you a dental filling, she or he initially removes the decayed tooth material, cleans up the damaged area, and then fills up the cleaned out tooth cavity with a filling material.
By closing off spaces where bacteria can get in, a dental filling also helps prevent further decay. Materials used for fillings consist of gold, porcelain, a composite resin (tooth-colored dental fillings), and an amalgam an alloy of mercury, silver, copper, tin and sometimes zinc.
What kind of filling is the most ideal.
No one type of filling up is best for everyone. What’s right for you will be determined by the level of the repair, whether you have allergies to specific materials, where in your mouth the filling is needed, and the cost. Factors to consider for different materials consist of:
Gold fillings are made to order in a dental laboratory and then cemented into place. Gold inlays are well endured by gum tissues, and also may last more than 20 years. For these reasons, numerous authorities considers gold to be the best material. However, it is often one of the most expensive selection and requires multiple visits.
Amalgam (silver) fillings are resistant to wear and relatively inexpensive. However, as a result of their dark color, they are more obvious than porcelain or composite restorations and also are not normally utilized in visible areas, such as front teeth.
Composite (plastic) resins are matched to be the same color as your teeth and therefore used where a natural appearance is desired. The ingredients are mixed and placed directly into the cavity, where they harden. Composites may not be the ideal material for large fillings as they may chip or wear over time. They can also become stained from coffee, tea or tobacco, and do not last as long as other types of fillings generally from three to 10 years.
Porcelain fillings are called inlays or onlays are made to order in a dental laboratory and then bonded to the tooth. They can be matched to the color of the tooth and withstand discoloration. A porcelain restoration normally covers the majority of the tooth. Their cost is similar to gold
If decay or a fracture has damaged a large portion of the tooth, a crown, or cap, may be recommended. Decay that has reached the nerve may be treated in two ways: through root canal therapy (in which nerve damaged nerve is removed) or through a procedure called pulp capping (which attempts to keep the nerve alive).
What Happens When You Get a Filling?
If your dentist makes a decision to fill cavity, he or she will initially remove the decay and also clean the damaged area. The cleaned-out cavity will then be filled with any of the variety of materials described above.
How Do I Know If I need a Filling?
Only your dentist can tell if you have a cavity that needs to be filled. Throughout an examination, your dentist will utilize a little mirror to examine the surfaces of each tooth.
Anything that looks unusual will then be very closely checked with special instrument. Your dentist may also X-ray your entire mouth or a section of it. The type of threatment your dentist chooses will depend on the extent of damage caused by decay.